Calvados (French pronunciation: [kal.va.dos]) is an apple brandy from the Normandy region in France. Calvados is a variety of brandy made from apples (and sometimes pears). Like Champagne, Calvados has to be grown in a certain region in order to be called Calvados, and that region is Normandy in northern France. Calvados first lives as an apple cider, made by fermenting apples. It is then distilled and aged in oak casks, where it is required to remain for at least two years to be properly classified as Calvados under the AOC (appellation d’origine contrôlée). There are around 400 Calvados producers in the region, each of whom has their own special combination of apple varieties and ageing processes.